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RBI innovation hub's AI initiative: Battling banking fraud through mule account detection

Explore how the RBI Innovation Hub is pioneering an AI model to revolutionise fraud detection in banking.

RBI innovation hubs AI initiative: Battling banking fraud through mule account detection

The Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) Innovation Hub is spearheading a groundbreaking initiative to tackle the pervasive issue of banking fraud through the development of an innovative AI model. Specifically targeting the exploitation of mule accounts, this endeavour marks a significant step forward in safeguarding the integrity of the financial system.

Mule accounts function as channels for money laundering, receiving illicit funds and then redirecting them to different accounts. A recent collaborative study with 10 banks highlighted the prevalent use of rule-based systems for fraud detection, which have proven ineffective in flagging suspicious transactions linked to mule accounts.

Rajesh Bansal, CEO of RBI Innovation Hub, revealed the alarming disparity between declared income and transaction volumes in mule accounts, emphasising the inefficiency of current fraud detection methods. To combat this issue, collaborative efforts with IIT Kanpur are underway to develop an AI model capable of real-time detection, aiming to enhance fraud prevention measures within the banking sector. Additionally, Bansal stressed the significance of leveraging AI to bolster fraud detection, noting the enthusiasm of several banks collaborating with the RBI Innovation Hub to address this pressing concern and highlighting the potential benefits for the industry as a whole.

The RBI Innovation Hub's endeavour to develop an AI model to reduce banking fraud using mule accounts represents a significant milestone in the ongoing battle against financial crime. As this initiative progresses, it holds the potential to serve as a blueprint for other jurisdictions grappling with similar challenges, ultimately contributing to the collective effort to combat financial crime on a global scale.

Divya Shivaji
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