RBI focuses on wider adoption of digital payments instruments
The RBI will soon start constructing a 'financial inclusion index' to measure and improve the extent of access, usage and quality of financial inclusion in the country.
RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, speaking at an event on Thursday said, "The index will have parameters across the three dimensions of financial inclusion. Work on the FI Index is underway and the Index will be published shortly by the RBI."
He said that in India, the second wave of the pandemic has taken a grievous toll both in terms of lives and livelihood. The recovery that had commenced in the second half of 2020-21 was dented by the second wave of the pandemic in April-May 2021. "Our efforts towards financial inclusion, have helped in enabling the government to provide seamless and timely financial support to vulnerable sections through direct benefit transfers (DBT)," he added
Das said the wider adoption of digital payments is reflected by the the number of prepaid payment instruments (PPI) issued as smart cards, internet accounts, online wallets, mobile accounts, mobile wallets and others to access the prepaid amount
The PPI use, according to RBI, increased at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 53 per cent from 41 crore in May 2017 to 226 crore in May 2021. In May 2021, 91 per cent of PPIs were in the form of wallets and the rest in the form of cards.
Das said, "The digital payment regime has grown since the introduction of fast payment systems, such as Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) and Unified Payment Interface (UPI), which provide immediate credit to beneficiaries and are available round the clock."
According to RBI data, in June 2021 each day on an average the payment systems in India processed more than 15 crore transactions amounting to nearly Rs 4.5 lakh crore per day.
The UPI platform facilitating payment transactions through smartphones witnessed over 280 crore transactions in June 2021. Das informed that globally, there has been a lot of interest in UPI.
The digital footprint, according to Das, reduced the stress caused by the pandemic. The Aadhaar enabled Payments System (AePS) that facilitates fund transfers/payments and cash withdrawals through micro-ATMs and business correspondents (BCs) using Aadhaar authentication proved critical.
RBI says that Rs 5.53 lakh crore was transferred digitally across 319 government schemes spread over 54 ministries during 2020-21 under this mechanism.