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GDP share of six new members being added to BRICS to be just 11 per cent: Report

The proposed addition of six countries to the five-member BRICS will see the grouping's share in the global GDP rising to 30 per cent from 26 per cent now

GDP share of six new members being added to BRICS to be just 11 per cent: Report

Mumbai: GDP share of the six new members, being added to the five-member BRICS grouping of emerging economies from January, will be just 11 per cent, with Saudi Arabia's contribution the highest at four per cent, an analysis shows.

The proposed addition of Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to the five-member BRICS, or Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, will also see the grouping's share in the global GDP rising to 30 per cent from 26 per cent now and that of the population to 46 per cent, according to an analysis by the SBI Research.

The expansion decision, effective January 1, 2024, was announced at the recent BRICS summit held in Johannesburg. Currently China contributes 70 per cent of the BRICS' GDP, which will decline to 62 per cent, while India chips in with 13 per cent now that will inch down to 12 per cent. Russia contributes eight per cent, Brazil is at seven per cent and South Africa contributes a paltry two per cent, giving combined 26 per cent of global economic output. Russia's share will fall seven per cent, while that of South Africa will halve to one per cent but Brazil's share will remain unchanged after the expansion, the report said sans offering a reason for the exception of Brazil.

Among these six economies, with Rs 6,81,259 crore in bilateral trade in FY23 the UAE is the largest trading partner for India, followed by Saudi at Rs 4,23,834 crore, Egypt at Rs 48,792 crore, Argentina at Rs 39,100 crore, Iran at Rs 18,680 crore and Ethiopa at Rs 5,154 crore, said Soumya Kanti Ghosh, chief economic adviser at State Bank of India.

Among the new members, Saudi Arabia will be the biggest economy chipping in with four per cent GDP contribution, followed by Argentina, the UAE and Egypt with two per cent each, and Iran adding one per cent incremental to the GDP with Ethiopia's addition making practically no impact to the grouping's economy. The Saudi economy was about $1.1 trillion in 2022 (already a G20 member), Argentina's at $632 billion, the UAE's at $507 billion, Egypt at $477 billion, Iranian economy stood at $388 billion and that of Ethiopia at $127 billion, according to the available data.

These six economies will add 11 per cent to the current GDP of the BRICS, Ghosh said in the report, which is four per cent of the global GDP in 2022 terms and will help boost the BRICS+6's share to 30 per cent, he added. Even after the new addition, China ($18.1 trillion in 2022) and India ($3.75 trillion) will continue to contribute 74 per cent of the overall GDP of the grouping, down from 83 per cent of the $26.2 trillion economy pre-expansion. Russian economy was $2.2 trillion in 2022, while Brazil's was $1.8 trillion and South Africa's was at $468 billion.

BRICS+6 and G20 (Group of 20 largest economies) have their share in the global population at 3.7 billion and 5.1 billion, while that of GDP share is $29.2 trillion and $70.4 trillion, and forex reserves at $5.5 trillion and $9.4 trillion, respectively now. Currently, the five-member grouping is home to 40 per cent of the world's population, which controls 26 per cent of the global GDP, But with the six new members (BRICS+6), their GDP share will jump to 30 per cent and share of population will go up to 46 per cent.

However, the biggest impact will be on the share of global oil production that will increase to 40 per cent from the current 18 per cent, while their oil intake share will jump from 27 per cent to 36 per cent, according to the note. Similarly, their share in global merchandise trade will rise from 20 per cent to 25 per cent, and that of global services trade will increase to 15 per cent from 12 per cent, the note said, adding that their share in the global forex reserves will increase by 600 basis points to 45 per cent.

On the massive increase in the share of oil trade -- Saudi has the second largest oil reserves after Russia -- the oil math will be the potential game changer for payment system and price discovery, says the report. The acronym BRICS was originally coined in 2001 by Goldman Sachs economists led by Jim O'Neill. Later in December 2010, South Africa was added as the fifth member.

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