Time to reform office culture
Everywhere, the stewards of capitalism are in a flux, grappling with the implications of a radically different future that's set to play out from home offices, living rooms, and kitchen tables around the world.
This is a big moment for an industry that has long lionized alpha-male 'tough guys' who wear their stamina as a badge of honor and view the need for work-life flexibility as an admission of weakness. From New York to London to Hong Kong, the hard-charging culture of finance has been tied to the towering edifices that cram in thousands of overachievers, the cutthroat chaos of the trading floors, and the relentless schmoozing that accompanies the entry into the upper echelons.
The new workplace reality, with hundreds of thousands of bankers working from home for the foreseeable future, has spurred considerable angst among the financial elite. One by one, powerful men have lamented the damage to their companies' cultures—cultures they've benefited from and sought to perpetuate. Sergio Ermotti, who stepped down as chief executive officer of Zurich-based UBS Group AG on November 1, said it's "especially difficult for banks to create and sustain cohesiveness and a culture when employees stay at home."
In September, JPMorgan Chase & Co's Jamie Dimon pushed for a return to normal, warning of slipping productivity and alienation among workers. BlackRock Inc's Laurence Fink worried about the serendipitous "water cooler moments" being lost as Zoom calls supplant impromptu encounters. Senior leaders at Goldman Sachs Group Inc, Barclays Plc, and others have pointed to the vital role that face-to-face interactions play in preserving the fabric of their companies' cultures.
Lost in this nostalgia is a hard truth: The finance industry has created some of the most toxic workplaces for women, racial minorities, or anyone else, who doesn't fit in comfortably with Wall Street's fraternity. As a journalist who has spent years covering finance and investing from Boston, New York, Hong Kong, and London, I'm often asked what I learned from my time in these financial centers. One takeaway seems especially relevant in the strange times in which we find ourselves today: The world of finance can be incredibly isolating and hostile to someone who isn't White, straight, and male.
Sure, sexual harassment is no longer as flagrant as it was in the 1990s, a sordid period that former Bloomberg News columnist Susan Antilla chronicled in her 2002 book, Tales from the Boom-Boom Room: Women vs. Wall Street. Back then, women were subjected to profanity-laced tirades, grabbing and groping, and topless dancers on trading floors. The blatant racism of that era has given way to more subtle forms of discrimination, even as the right noises come from financial leaders.
But the cultural problems aren't a vestige of a remote past. As recently as 2019, Bloomberg News reported on a Cantor Fitzgerald bond saleswoman's story of persistent persecution, culminating in her discovering feces in her coffee mug, as well as the booze-drenched culture at the insurance market Lloyd's of London that put women at the mercy of their drunken bosses and colleagues.
For every incident that gets this kind of spotlight, dozens are never chronicled. In New York, a junior banker realizes to her shock that her older colleague has put his hand on her knee during dinner. In Hong Kong, a young executive gamely downs tequila shots to fit in with a crowd of senior expat colleagues, who egg her on in a manner eerily reminiscent of a hazing ritual.
The global reckoning fueled by the #MeToo movement in 2017 and the racial justice protests that followed the police killing of George Floyd in 2020 have led many banks and other financial companies to enact tough policies to combat and address sexism and racism in the workplace. JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, and Goldman Sachs are among the companies that have unveiled initiatives to improve diversity and elevate Black executives.
At the same time, the financial industry is adapting to the tectonic shift toward remote working. Standard Chartered Plc has unveiled a permanent move to flexible working for its 85,000 employees—an option that could be offered to more than 90 per cent of its workforce over time. Switzerland's UBS expects a third of its employees to work from home permanently even after the pandemic ends, and Japan's Mizuho Financial Group Inc. is mulling a shorter workweek. At banks such as HSBC Holdings Plc and Deutsche Bank AG, the pivot to working from home has unleashed the possibility of huge cost savings in a post-Covid era: They no longer need the same amount of prime office space to house their employees.
Already there are signs that some of the worst aspects of banking culture are moving to this virtual world. Colleagues and clients are turning to messaging apps such as WhatsApp, which are near-impossible for companies to monitor. There's been a spike in hostile and offensive language in emails since cities around the world went into lockdown, according to surveillance firms such as London-based SteelEye. Excluding women and members of minority groups from important meetings and decisions is even easier when operating remotely. Some banks are taking steps to monitor exchanges for compliance lapses and wrongdoing such as insider dealing. In an attempt to crack down on unauthorized communication channels, Morgan Stanley and JPMorgan have punished employees who use WhatsApp. Some are using surveillance software to record every keystroke. Financial companies will have to navigate a tricky path between respecting employees' privacy and protecting vulnerable staff. (BLOOMBERG)